Cues were grouped as follows: verbal, nonverbal visual, nonverbal touch, and nonverbal paralinguistic cues, unclassifiable behaviors, and intangible signals.Subjects reported decoding more nonverbal cues than they expressed.Communication cues with ambiguous meanings were noted, and cues that comprised interest and lack-of-interest schemata in both dating and daily conversation contexts were identified.ABSTRACT: It is widely believed that women and men are fundamentally different from each other.
A study utilizing a 2 (sex of participants) x 2 (fl...
Indeed, the belief that males and females possess different traits, abilities, and inclinations pervades all age groups, all time periods, and all cultures (Kite, Deaux, & Haines, 2008).
Such beliefs, better described as stereotypes, have also been found to be highly resistant to change (Dodge, Gilroy, & Fenzel, 1995; Heilman, 2001).
We investigate whether the lack of nonverbal cues (inherent in the text-based communication tools commonly used by dating sites) hinders communication and relationship formation.
In this study, members of a dating website interacted through one of four randomly assigned versions of a text chat, where each version featured an increasing number of nonverbal communication cues.
Body communication: -- "Mirror, mirror, on the wall ... Wells and Bertram Siegel -- The identification of emotions from gait information / Joann M. Goldstein, and Annmarie Clausen -- Sex and relationship affect social self-grooming / John A. Facial and eye communication: -- Don't smile when you say that / Jacqueline Shannon -- Primary affect displays / Paul Ekman -- The 'opener': skilled use of facial expression and speech pattern / James A.